Singapore Optometric Association

IMI – Clinical Management Guidelines Report

Best practice clinical guidelines for myopia control involve an understanding of the
epidemiology of myopia, risk factors, visual environment interventions, and optical and
pharmacologic treatments, as well as skills to translate the risks and benefits of a given myopia
control treatment into lay language for both the patient and their parent or caregiver. This
report details evidence-based best practice management of the pre-, stable, and the
progressing myope, including risk factor identification, examination, selection of treatment
strategies, and guidelines for ongoing management. Practitioner considerations such as
informed consent, prescribing off-label treatment, and guides for patient and parent
communication are detailed. The future research directions of myopia interventions and
treatments are discussed, along with the provision of clinical references, resources, and
recommendations for continuing professional education in this growing area of clinical practice.